Tilt-Shift OptionsTilt-shift photography originally referred to the movements on a view camera to focus and control perspective. An example of this is when you are photographing a building and the building looks like it may be leaning or falling in the image. Using tilt-shift controls is a way to correct the distortion or perspective of the lines in the frame and object. In view cameras, the movements are controlled both in the front of the camera near the lens, and in the back near the film.
Starting in the 1960s, camera manufacturers started producing lenses or adapters for 35mm cameras that embodied the same principles. These lenses are often used in architectural photography to control perspective (like mentioned above), and in landscape photography to get an entire frame sharp. In more modern times, photographers have begun using tilt-shift lenses for selective focusing purposes in portrait work, fine art, and miniature scene simulation photography.
The two different types of movement in tilt-shift photography are tilt, where the rotation of the lens plane is relative to the image plane, and shift, where the movement of the lens is parallel to the image plane. Tilt controls the focus or part of the image that appears sharp, while shift is used to adjust the position of the subject in the frame without moving the actual camera.
There are a few ways to achieve a similar look to tilt-shift, which is what we'll be showing through examples below. (The first of course, is actually shooting with a view camera).
* In-stock items at KEH.com:
- Tilt-shift lenses
- View Cameras